By Edward Harrison
In mask of the Universe, Edward Harrison brings jointly basic clinical, philosophical and spiritual matters in cosmology and increases inspiration upsetting questions. Philosophical concerns ruled cosmology within the historical global. Theological concerns ranked prime within the center a while; astronomy and the actual sciences have taken over in additional contemporary occasions. but each try and seize the genuine nature of the universe creates a brand new "mask," humans have continuously pitied the universes in their ancestors, believing that their iteration has finally found the "real" universe. will we now stand on the threshold of realizing every little thing, or have we created another "mask," doomed to vanish like these previous ours? Edward Harrison is Adjunct Professor of Astronomy, Steward Observatory, collage of Arizona, and Emeritus Professor of Physics and Astronomy, collage of Massachusetts, Amherst. He labored as a scientist for the Atomic strength examine institution and the Rutherford excessive strength Laboratory in England till 1966 whilst he grew to become a 5 university professor on the college of Massachusetts and taught at Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, and Smith university. he's the writer of diverse books, together with Cosmology: the technology of the Universe (Cambridge, 2001)
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Additional resources for Masks of the Universe: Changing Ideas on the Nature of the Cosmos, 2nd Edition
The rejection by many people of outmoded religious beliefs leaves them thinking they cannot have religious experiences. Even worse, the moral codes 44 masks of the universe appropriated by religion lose their moorings and are set adrift in ethical relativism. ∗ ∗ ∗ No cosmologist knows exactly what is the Universe and no theologian knows exactly what is God. The difference between God and gods is discussed in Chapter 18 (“The Cloud of Unknowing”). It suffices here to say that the word “god” is used here to denote a model of God in the same way that the word “universe” is used to denote a model of the Universe.
Thomas Hobbes, a sixteenth-century English philosopher, argued in Leviathan that material laws are fully capable of explaining the characteristics of human behavior. Chemistry, biology, the cognitive sciences, and sociology have confirmed much of Hobbes’s argument. Furthermore, he argued that ethics must be freed from its bondage to religion and grounded on rational premises. In this also, according to anthropology, it seems that he was mostly right. Societies display a remarkable diversity of religious beliefs and an equally remarkable uniformity of moral codes of behavior.
They had little fear of prudence being swept aside by enthusiasm (meaning “possessed by the gods”). Bertrand Russell, mathematician and philosopher, commented: To those who have reluctantly learnt a little mathematics in school, this may seem strange; but to those who have experienced the intoxicating delight of sudden understanding that mathematics gives from time to time to those who love it, the Pythagorean view will seem completely natural . . It might seem that the empirical philosopher is the slave of his material, but that the pure mathematician, like the musician, is a free creator of his world of ordered beauty.