By Stephen Turnbull
I used to be dissatisfied with the 1st quantity so I behind schedule prior to examining the second one. It was once an mistakes. This was once a way more relaxing to learn and turns out to have extra content material. while I felt the Prussian quantity skimped on all however the structure and the association simply because the rest used to be right in simple terms to a different sequence just like the Campaigns, this quantity tells you even more concerning the background, and the tale of those castles is attention-grabbing. you will not locate a lot written approximately Baltic historical past and Turnbull is a brilliant tale teller. I in simple terms want it was once two times the size. hugely suggested.
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Extra info for Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560
Riga's stone bastions were created at this time but have since disappeared. A map of Wolmar (Valmiera) dating from 1688 shows how the bastions enclose the medieval structures without altering them in any appreciable way. ABOVE LEFT Detail of an ornamented Castle maintenance and decoration ABOVE RIGHT The reconstructed If neglected or abandoned a castle site could deteriorate rapidly, as Bishop Albert found when he inspected Kokenhusen (Koknese): Thereupon with all the pilgrims and his army, he went off to Kokenhusen.
The Teutonic Knights who took over their duties performed similar roles and shared the same simple but complete religious and military existence. This is described in detail in Fortress 11: Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (1) The red-brick castles of Prussia 1230-1466 (Osprey: Oxford, 2003). The monastic life The religious life of a castle centred round the chapel, where religious services were performed by the brothers in their roles as monks. Daily services between dawn and dusk marked the passage of time in a manner that any medieval monk would have recognised.
Stones into the fort. This machine was almost certainly a traction trebuchet, where a team of men pulling on ropes provided the motive power. The more familiar counterweight trebuchet was first used many decades later. Henry of Livonia tells us that these weapons were unfamiliar to the Estonians, so 'they had not strengthened their houses against the force of these missiles'. But even catapults were not enough to capture the fort: The Germans came down, brought flames to the fort and set it on fire.