By C. A. Rosen (auth.), George G. Dodd, Lothar Rossol (eds.)
The objective ofthe symposium, "Computer imaginative and prescient and Sensor-Based Robots," held on the common automobiles learn Laboratories on September 2S and 26, 1978, was once to stimulate a better interplay among humans operating in varied parts and to debate primary matters concerning imaginative and prescient and robotics. This publication includes the papers and basic discussions of that symposium, the twenty second in an annual sequence overlaying various technical disciplines which are well timed and of curiosity to common automobiles in addition to the technical group at huge. the topic of this symposium is still well timed as the expense of desktop imaginative and prescient keeps to drop and there's expanding use of robots in production functions. present business purposes of machine imaginative and prescient variety from easy platforms that degree or evaluate to classy structures for half place choice and inspection. just about all business robots this day paintings with recognized elements in recognized posi tions, and we're simply now commencing to see the emergence of programmable automa tion within which the robotic can react to its atmosphere while motivated through visible and force-touch sensor inputs. As mentioned within the symposium, destiny advances will count mostly on examine now underway in different key components. improvement of imaginative and prescient structures which may meet business pace and determination necessities with a feeling of intensity and colour is an important step.
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Additional resources for Computer Vision and Sensor-Based Robots
Then the robot arm can use tactile sensors to do the last part of the process. I think you can shave a great deal of time off those times you showed - which, of course, were very old numbers. Thus, I think what Marty Tenenbaum said is to the point. If we had special hardware to reduce time to a tenth of a second for our visual snapshots, much of what you did and wanted to do could be done today. HUMAN AND ROBOT PERFORMANCE 49 M. Minsky (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) It seems to me that that was an awfully low-level system that you compared to the human system.
Detailed comparison is made by referring to the Methods Time Measurement method  which tabulates elementary human motions practiced in performing industrial tasks. Based on this comparison of capabilities a set of elementary robot task motions is developed with the title RTM, short for "Robot Time and Motion". An example of an assembly task is then used to illustrate typical differences in the work method when performed by either a robot or a human operator. BASIC ROBOT CAPABILITIES IN TASK PERFORMANCE In the context of task performance as discussed in this paper six basic capabilities of robots can be identified.
The time to perform VISION is highly dependent on the particular task; however, VISION is usually performed in parallel with manipulation. PROCESS TIME DELAY, TI - PROCESS TIME DELAY, TI, is the basic RTM element specifying unavoidable process delays during which the robot must wait. For example, the time to drive a screw using a powered screw driver, or to operate any other tool, is described by TI. RTM for Pump Assembly - As an example of RTM we will describe the robot assembly of the water pump top and the insertion of the first two screws as we did for a human operator in Table 11.