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Extra info for Cerebral Palsy: Science and Clinical Practice
Acknowledgements We acknowledge the assistance of Peter Blasco, who provided historical materials which were helpful in preparing this chapter. REFERENCES Accardo P (1982) Freud on diplegia. Am J Dis Child 136: 452–5. Accardo P (1989) William John Little and cerebral palsy in the nineteenth century. J Hist Med 44: 56–71. ACOG Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy (2014) Neonatal Encephalopathy and Neurologic Outcome, 2nd edition. Washington, DC: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
14 Historical Perspective Tardieu C, Lespargot A, Tabary C, Bret MD (1988) For how long must the soleus muscle be stretched each day to prevent contracture? Dev Med Child Neurol 30: 3–10. Vojta V (1965) Reflex loosening of spastic hypertonia. Ceskolov Neurol 27: 229. World Health Organization (2001) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Geneva: World Health Organization. Yates G (1968) A method for the provision of lightweight aesthetic orthopaedic appliances.
The new definition reads as follows: ‘Cerebral palsy (CP) describes a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. ’ (Rosenbaum et al. 2007) The definition was followed by a detailed commentary about each significant word or phrase, to which interested readers are referred. For this current account of CP, it is important to highlight several issues that the participants felt were significant additions to the classical notion of CP as a ‘disorder of motor development’.