By Stephen Jacobson
Providing a window into the historical past of the fashionable felony career in Western Europe, Stephen Jacobson provides a heritage of legal professionals within the so much industrialized urban at the Mediterranean. faraway from being mere curators of static legislation, Barcelona's legal professionals have been on the middle of social clash and political and monetary switch, mediating among nation, relations, and society.Beginning with the resurrection of a decadent bar through the Enlightenment, Jacobson strains the ancient evolution of legal professionals during the lengthy 19th century. one of the concerns he explores are the attributes of the trendy criminal occupation, how attorneys engaged with the Enlightenment, how they molded occasions within the Age of Revolution and helped consolidate a liberal constitutional order, why a liberal career grew to become conservative and corporatist, and the way attorneys promoted fin-de-siÃ¨cle nationalism.From the vantage element of a urban with a distinctive criminal tradition,Catalonia's Advocates offers clean perception into eu social and felony historical past; the origins of liberal professionalism; the schooling, education, and perform of legislations within the 19th century; the growth of continental bureaucracies; and the corporatist elements of contemporary nationalism.
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Additional info for Catalonia's Advocates: Lawyers, Society, and Politics in Barcelona, 1759-1900 (Studies in Legal History)
Many wrote pamphlets and newspaper articles that stressed the symbolic and material importance of the Catalan legal tradition; in the meantime, jurists published guidebooks and manuals so that laws could be easily applied in court. Confronted with the threat of piecemeal reform and the looming prospect of full codification, the university professor and commercial lawyer Manuel Duran imported 24 S Introduction and popularized Friedrich von Savigny’s “historical-school” jurisprudence, a legal philosophy that held that law evolved in harmony with custom and reflected the spirit of the people (Volksgeist).
Before doing this, however, it is helpful to review the doldrums in which the bar found itself at midcentury when it was at its historical nadir. In order to understand the direction in which the bar was heading, it is necessary to examine from where it came. The Bar at a Historical Nadir Visitors to eighteenth-century Barcelona were more impressed by the city than its bar. The city was amid an era of prosperity, but lawyers were no longer as prominent as they had once been. A burgeoning cotton calico–printing 32 S The Modern Profession industry, one of the largest in Europe, was the motor force of a dynamic economy.
An eclectic intellectual community took root. ” Aerial view with the winning design for the Citadel park in the foreground (early 1870s). Castelucho, Institut de Cultura, Arxiu Històric de la Ciutat, Barcelona) the French capital. The dreams of the bourgeoisie were self-fulfilling. ”48 The vast majority of lawyers lived in the physical center of the old city, the locus for civil and ecclesiastical justice and administration. Their homes were close to Catalonia’s highest court, the Audiencia, located in the Palace of the Deputation (today the Palace of the Generalitat) on the Plaça Sant Jaume.