By Terence Ball, Richard Bellamy
This significant paintings of educational reference offers a finished review of the improvement of political concept from the overdue 19th to the top of the 20 th century. Written through a individual staff of overseas members, this Cambridge background covers the increase of the welfare country and next reactions to it, the fascist and communist evaluations of and tried possible choices to liberal democracy, the unconventional different types of political association occasioned through the increase of the mass voters and new social pursuits, a number of the highbrow traditions from positivism to post-modernism that experience formed the examine of politics, the interplay among western and non-western traditions of political concept, and the problem possed to the nation through globalization. each significant topic in twentieth-century political suggestion is roofed in a chain of chapters straight away scholarly and available, of curiosity and relevance to scholars and students of politics in any respect degrees from starting undergraduate upwards.
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Extra resources for Cambridge History of 20th Century Political Thought
M. Rubinow. In effect, his ideas were close to European social reformism in the mould of J. A. Hobson, with whose works he was familiar. Rubinow saw social insurance as ‘the substitution of social effort for individual effort’, relating centrally to the distribution of loss under conditions of hazard. That was ‘the concern of the modern progressive state’, encompassing the broader aim of eradicating poverty and ensuring an equitable return for one’s labour. Tellingly, his conception of welfare incorporated the benefits of modern civilisation and industrial development, including art, poetry and music.
Xii). 11 Hobson’s distinctive liberal organicism maintained not that the whole was superior to the parts, but that the liberty and development of the parts were indispensable to the health of the collective life. Social ends could be both directly attained by social action and realised in individuals; however, it was incumbent upon society, through the government, to conserve individual rights and interests (Hobson 1914, p. 304). The ‘interdependence and interaction of individual character and social character [were] expressed in social environment’ because poverty represented a deficiency ‘in the moral force of the community’ which the community had to remedy by applying that force to the reform of economic structure.
The categories of both virtue and risk recognised the importance of group support and thus contained the germs of collectivism: the one through acknowledging socially desirable conduct; the other through sharing life’s uncertainties. That permeability of the categories, rather than their exclusiveness, was crucial to the morphology of the winning welfare ideologies throughout. The concepts and practices they invoked – responsibility, uncertainty, redistribution, solidarity and flourishing – had different intellectual roots but intermeshed imaginatively.