By Kate Hudson
This ebook offers a revisionist heritage of the increase and fall of Yugoslavia. Assessing the geo-political and geo-strategic purposes for its production and dismemberment, it truly is an incredible corrective to a lot modern theorising in regards to the destruction of the Yugoslav country. particularly Kate Hudson attracts consciousness to the function of overseas states whose involvement in Yugoslavia did a lot to destabilise the area, and explains how and why this occurred. Tracing the state's origins from 1918 via warfare and the Tito years, she explains the distortion of the socialist financial system due to Yugoslavia's strange place among the 2 chilly warfare blocs, and the commercial cave in of the Nineteen Eighties as a part of the US's force for a loose marketplace. She additionally investigates the real motives and results of the new wars in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo and brings the publication up to date with an research of Milosevic's downfall, and occasions in Macedonia and Montenegro.
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Extra info for Breaking the South Slav Dream: The Rise and Fall of Yugoslavia
37 THE COST OF THE WAR The human costs of the war were enormous, with 1,700,000 or 11 per cent of the pre-war population dead – the average age of the dead was 22 years. The economy was completely dislocated. 39 Agricultural production dropped in all areas. In the least affected areas, such as Bulgarian-occupied Macedonia, or German-occupied Slovenia, or Hungarian-occupied Vojvodina, the percentage decrease in output of cereals and cattle, comparing 1943 with 1935–7, was around 20 per cent. The worst 38 Breaking the South Slav Dream affected area was Bosnia-Hercegovina, annexed by the Independent State of Croatia, where the output decrease was 60 per cent in cereals and 50 per cent in cattle.
4 In the subsequent two to three years, state ownership and control were established over large enterprises, industry, transport and financial institutions, while most agricultural land remained privately owned, as did many small businesses. THE SPLIT WITH THE SOVIET UNION To the outside observer, Yugoslavia appeared to be following the Soviet political and economic model – a pattern which was emerging across the countries of central and eastern Europe. However, a rift emerged publicly between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union in 1948, with Yugoslavia being expelled from the Cominform – the organization of ruling communist parties set up in 1947.
1 This, however, exaggerates the position. Tito never joined the NATO camp, he simply exploited the Cold War antagonism to sustain political independence from Moscow and the west whilst constructing a socialist-oriented society at home. Relations with the Soviet Union improved after Stalin’s death and this allowed renewed trade links with the CMEA countries to develop. However, first under Ronald Reagan and then at the end of the 1980s with the collapse of communism in eastern Europe, Washington radically shifted its tactical orientation to Yugoslavia 39 40 Breaking the South Slav Dream – first tightening the financial screw and later intervening diplomatically and finally militarily to destroy the Yugoslav federation.