Download Beyond the Steppe And the Sown: Proceedings of the 2002 by L.M. Popova (Editor), A.T. Smith (Editor) D.L. Peterson PDF

By L.M. Popova (Editor), A.T. Smith (Editor) D.L. Peterson (Editor)

During this choice of 29 articles, major researchers and a iteration of latest students subscribe to jointly in wondering the dominant opposing dichotomy in Eurasian archaeology of the 'steppe and sown,' whereas forging new techniques which combine neighborhood and worldwide visions of historic tradition and society within the steppe, mountain, wasteland and maritime coastal areas of Eurasia. This ground-breaking quantity demonstrates the good fortune of lately tested foreign study courses and demanding situations readers with a wide selection of clean new views. The articles are with ease divided into 4 sections on neighborhood and worldwide views, neighborhood reviews, New instructions in idea and perform, and Paleoecology and surroundings, and canopy a extensive interval from the Copper Age to early Mediaeval occasions within the self sufficient States of the previous USSR, in addition to Turkey, China and Mongolia.

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Additional resources for Beyond the Steppe And the Sown: Proceedings of the 2002 University of Chicago Conference on Eurasian Archaeology (Colloquia Pontica)

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It is unclear what was driving these dispersals. Possibly, they were in search of new sources of metal in Jordan or in Cyprus (cf. the recently excavated Kura-Araxes-related hearth stands and evidence for migrants from south-western Anatolia at the Early Bronze Age site of Marki Alonia: Frankel 2000; Frankel and Webb 2000; Webb and Frankel 1999). They may have been skilled metallurgists, but why leave a metalliferrous region like the Caucasus for unknown sources? Moreover, Khirbet Kerak materials are not found in the metal-bearing Wadi Feinan area south of the Dead Sea (de Miroschedji, 2000, 264).

In other words, peoples moved in different ways for different purposes, and we should be careful not to consider them the same and lump them all together. In most cases, we should conceive of ‘migrations’ not as single events – Genghis Khan storming across the steppes and wreaking havoc on the civilised world – but as protracted processes that are principally related to a people’s way of life and the natural and cultural environments to which they are adapting. The basic point is that when one is trying to model large-scale, ‘global’ interaction in the Bronze Age or in later prehistory in general, one cannot just talk about trade and the movement of materials.

Eurasian nomadism had to adapt to severe continental climatic conditions: a short but very hot and intense summer and a much longer, bitterly cold winter during which time pastures were often covered with thick deposits of snow. Crops can be grown, though evidence for any form of intensive cultivation on the steppes during the Bronze Age – at least until the middle of the 2nd millennium BC when the climate temporarily became more humid – is contradictory (cf. Cernych et al. 1998; Gaiduchenko 1999; Gerskovic 1999, 82–9).

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