Download Basic Research in Information Science and Technology for Air by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications, Committee on Directions for the AFOSR Mathematics and Space Sciences Directorate Related to Information Science and Technology

The U.S. Air strength is constructing new strength features acceptable to an rising array of threats. it's transparent that advances in details technological know-how and know-how (IS&T) are crucial for many of those new features. therefore, the Air strength is discovering it essential to refocus its IS&T uncomplicated study software to supply enhanced help for attaining those ambitions. to help this attempt, the AFOSR requested the NRC for a examine to create a imaginative and prescient and plan for the IS&T-related courses in the Office's arithmetic and house technological know-how Directorate. This record offers an evaluate of simple learn wishes for Air strength structures and communications, software program, details administration and integration, and human interactions with IS&T platforms. The record additionally deals a collection of priorities for easy IS&T learn, and an research of investment mechanisms its help.

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Some specific areas of Infospheric Science research follow: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Models of Information Flows Metrics for Information Flow Hierarchical Flow Models Information Dynamics Managing Massive Numbers of Triggers Information Pedigree/Certainty Stream Data Processing Automated Downgrading of Sensitive Information Preventing Self-Inflicted DoS Attacks Audit Data for Damage Assessment Steganography Detection Secure Code Composition Distributed, Assured Pipelines Application Layer Multicast Encryption Seamless Integration of Wireline-Wireless Networks Network Monitoring, Measurement, and Inferencing Ad Hoc Wireless Networking Middleware Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) System Stability Dynamic System Management JBI Information Metadata and Structure Evolvable Components The need to collect, integrate, and disseminate information from widely disparate sources will be crucial.

Information extraction from all sources of data is . . of interest. . Network protection . . detection of intrusion, forensics, and an active response and recovery from an attack on information, are needed. Basic research that anticipates the nature of future information system attacks is critical. . Research on effective security policies across large, heterogeneous infospheres is of high interest. Techniques to automatically detect deceptive data or information are of interest . . [as are] mathematical approaches for the specification, design, and analysis of distributed software systems.

Many of the elements of that program, and some of the program managers, are now part of AFOSR’s IS&T program. The IS&T program, though, does not map directly onto any AFOSR unit. Most of the IS&T research is managed today within the AFOSR Mathematics and Space Sciences Directorate, but only about half of that unit deals with IS&T. ) The following observations, paraphrased from the 1996 report (pages 1-3), appear to have withstood the test of time: • AFOSR program managers in mathematical and computer sciences have a great deal of autonomy and compete for funds among themselves in a relatively cooperative way.

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