By Michael D. Glascock, Robert J. Speakman, Rachel S. Popelka-Filcoff
content material: increasing the diversity of electron spin resonance courting --
towards the category of colorants in archaeological textiles of japanese North the US --
Infrared exam of fiber and particulate residues from archaeological textiles --
Extraction and research of DNA from archaeological specimens --
utilizing archaeological chemistry to enquire the geographic origins of trophy heads within the vital Andes: strontium isotope research on the Wari web site of Conchopata --
studying sturdy isotopic analyses: case reviews on Sardinian prehistory --
Bitumen in neolithic Iran: biomolecular and isotopic proof --
floor research of a black deposit from Little misplaced River Cave, Idaho --
Shell bead sourcing: a comparability of 2 concepts on Olivella biplicata shells and beads from Western North the USA --
Archaeological soils and sediments: software of microfocus synchrotron X-ray scattering, diffraction, and fluorescence analyses in thin-section --
Quantitative modeling of soil chemical information from inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy unearths facts for cooking and consuming in old Mesoamerican plazas --
Chemical composition of music dynasty, chinese language, copper-based cash through power dispersive X-ray fluorescence --
Elemental compositions of Herodian Prutah, copper coins-of the Biblical "widow's mites" series--via strength dispersive X-ray fluorescence --
Chemical composition of the Isfiya and Qumran coin hoards --
chosen functions of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma--mass spectrometry to archaeological study --
comparing the precision requisites for isotope ratio selection of archaeological fabrics utilizing laser ablation-time-of-flight-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry expanding ratio precision --
Lead isotope research of Roman carthage curse drugs --
Laser ablation--inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry research of old copper alloy artifacts --
Laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry research utilized to the characterization of Peruvian Wari ceramics --
Characterization of creating fabrics from the brick chapel at historical St. Mary's urban --
Characterization of 15th-16th century Majolica pottery discovered at the Canary Islands --
Intraregional provenancing of Philistine pottery from Israel --
The expertise of Mesopotamian ceramic glazes --
research of ancient latter-day Saint pottery glazes by means of laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry --
Fingerprinting specular Hematite from mines in Botswana, Southern Africa --
Instrumental neutron activation research of Ochre artifacts from Jiskairumoko, Peru --
Feasibility of field-portable XRF to spot obsidian assets in significant Peten, Guatemala --
resources of archaeological obsidian in Peru: descriptions and geochemistry.
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Extra info for Archaeological Chemistry. Analytical Techniques and Archaeological Interpretation
Sequencing of subsequent examinations maximizes the data obtainedfroma single small sample. Once a sample is taken, further study under low magnification macroscopy can reveal additional features including color or structure variation. This information aids in the selection of sub-samples from which O M fibers and particulate can be identified. Furthermore, the general type of colorant can be determined by its location, thoroughly saturated color in the fibers is indicative of dyeing in comparison to surface deposited pigment particles.
A few display evidence of coloration, a feature that can be anticipated from the comments of early travelers and later ethnographers (9, 10). While some of the Mississippian textiles are of similar structure to the Middle Woodland textiles, others are very complex materials and are lace-like in appearance. Many of the materials from Etowah are preserved by mineralization, and display green-colored deposits on their surfaces. Bast fiber, rabbit hair, and feathers have been identified (2, 11). The textiles from these two sites selected for analysis are representative of the complexity of structure and fineness of yarns seen in the materials; they provide evidence of the sophisticated technology of prehistoric people in all phases of fiber collection, processing, yarn spinning, fabric manufacture and, when present, coloration.
A l l pictures were taken with the samples placed on flocking paper (Edmund Scientific), which creates an optically inert background and therefore does not interfere with the optical properties of the textile to be examined. Details of the forensic photography methods are described in Baldia and Jakes (64, 65). ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2007. 28 Table III. Colorant Binder Combinations and Fluorescing Results # 3 1 Binder Aid None None Fe 0 Alizarin/purpurin Alizarin/purpurin Alizarin/purpurin Albumin Beef Fat Albumin Beef Fat None None None None 6 Alizarin/purpurin Albumin 7 None Albumin None Pale yellow Beef Fat None None 10 Dried, ground bloodroot Dried, ground bloodroot Dried, ground bloodroot Bedstraw None None None Tannic Acid Tannic Acid None Beef Fat None None 11 Bedstraw Albumin None 12 13 Albumin only Bloodroot dyed milkweed fibers Bloodroot dyed rabbit hair yarn Undyed rabbit hair yarn None None None None Orange or pale salmon Bluish white Pale yellow None None None None Fe 0 dyed milkweed fibers Fe 0 dyed rabbit hair Bloodroot dyed rabbit hair Undyed rabbit hair Copper sulfate colored rabbit hair Copper sulfate colored milkweed None None None None None None None None None None None Pale yellow, weak None None None None None Fe 0 2 3 4 5 2 2 8 9 14 15 3 3 S?