By Fay Botham
During this attention-grabbing cultural background of interracial marriage and its felony rules within the usa, Fay Botham argues that religion--specifically, Protestant and Catholic ideals approximately marriage and race--had an important influence on felony judgements bearing on miscegenation and marriage within the century following the Civil struggle. Botham argues that divergent Catholic and Protestant theologies of marriage and race, bolstered via nearby adjustments among the West and the South, formed the 2 pivotal situations that body this quantity, the 1948 California ideally suited court docket case of Perez v. Lippold (which effectively challenged California's antimiscegenation statutes at the grounds of non secular freedom) and the 1967 U.S. preferrred court docket case Loving v. Virginia (which declared felony bans on interracial marriage unconstitutional). Botham contends that the white southern Protestant proposal that God "dispersed" the races, instead of the yankee Catholic emphasis on human team spirit and customary origins, issues to ways in which faith motivated the process litigation and illuminates the spiritual bases for Christian racist and antiracist pursuits.
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Extra resources for Almighty God Created the Races: Christianity, Interracial Marriage, and American Law
54 And although the Perez-Davis case was only one of His Excellency’s disagreements with the CIC, by publicly advocating the most intimate union of members of different races, and by forcing the church into the spotlight on this volatile issue, the CIC exemplified most strikingly McIntyre’s trepidations about interracialism. For Marshall, however, “Catholic” and “interracial” could not be separated. ”55 Indeed, for Marshall, Catholic belief and social activism together formed a core part of his personal and professional identity, and they deeply informed his legal strategy.
Patrick’s began as a largely Irish parish. But from 1917 to 1947 when socially progressive Bishop John J. Cantwell led the diocese, the membership at St. 18 “About 65 percent Negro, 15 percent Mexican, the rest a little of everybody,” St. 21 As early as 1921, Bishop Cantwell addressed the NAACP, asserting the need for a “strong alliance” between blacks and whites and decrying white bigotry. 22 Under Cantwell’s leadership, Los Angeles Catholics thus CATHOLIC CALIFORNIA [ 15 ] experienced, for a time at least, a religion-based culture of benevolent interracialism and of tolerance for non-Anglo cultural traditions.
8 As the fault line in American racial segregation policy began to crack open, legal restrictions on interracial intimacy also began to loosen in southern California. Shortly before Christmas in 1948, Tidings, the official newspaper of the Los Angeles Catholic Archdiocese, casually announced that a young couple, Andrea Perez and Sylvester Davis, would be married “shortly after the New Year in St. 10 And while the Tidings article credited the Los Angeles Catholic Interracial Council for its work on the couple’s behalf, it made no mention of the uproar that the council’s advocacy of the marriage had generated within the Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles or of the church’s reluctance to assist Perez and Davis.