By Deborah Potts, Deborah Fahy Bryceson
Are Africa's such a lot populous and economically dominant towns a strength to reckon with within the twenty-first century? This e-book analyzes the economies of East and Southern Africa's 'apex' towns, probing how they've got altered structurally through the years and their present resources of financial power and vulnerability at neighborhood, nationwide and overseas degrees. Case research chapters concentrating on Johannesburg, Chitungwiza, Gaborone, Maputo, Dar es Salaam, Mombasa, Nairobi, Kampala and Mogadishu shed new gentle on modern African city customers and difficulties.
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Additional resources for African Urban Economies: Viability, Vitality or Vitiation?
Meanwhile, the privatization of public utilities and the introduction of metered charges have put electricity beyond the reach of vast numbers of the poor. In South Africa, low-income neighbourhoods have organized political demonstrations around this issue. Transport infrastructure within the cities has proved problematic in two ways. First, in East African cities, SAP cutbacks and the ineffectiveness of municipal governments led to a lack of maintenance of existing city roads and prevented road network extensions from keeping pace with the physical expansion of the city.
F. (1997b) ‘Cape Town’, Encyclopaedia of Africa South of the Sahara, vol. 1, New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 230–31. M. and C. Titus (2001) ‘Reactions to Deteriorating Provision of Public Services in Dar es Salaam’, in A. Tostensen, I. Tvedten and M. Vaa (eds), 218–31. Mitchell, C. (1969) Social Networks in Urban Situations: Analysis of Personal Relationships in Central African Towns, Manchester, Manchester University Press. S. (1996) ‘Urban Agriculture in Dar es Salaam: Its Contribution to Solving the Economic Crisis and the Damage to its Environment’, Development Southern Africa 13(1), 47–65.
The presupposition that utilities such as water, electricity, transport and telecommunications should be government provisioned dates back to the colonial period. In many cases, the original investment in the post-colonial network was public but in the absence of strong municipal government, maintenance deteriorated and network expansion was impeded by public authorities as economic crisis conditions and declining tax revenues set in. Parastatals were blamed for the inadequacies and supply disruptions.