By Hiroaki Misawa, Saulius Juodkazis
An intensive creation to 3D laser microfabrication know-how, prime readers from the basics and thought to its a variety of effective functions, reminiscent of the new release of tiny items or third-dimensional buildings in the bulk of obvious fabrics. The e-book additionally provides new theoretical fabric on dielectric breakdown, permitting a greater knowing of the diversities among optical harm on surfaces and contained in the bulk, in addition to a glance into the long run. Chemists, physicists, fabrics scientists and engineers will locate this a invaluable resource of interdisciplinary wisdom within the box of laser optics and nanotechnology.
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Extra resources for 3D laser microfabrication : principles and applications
4 Laser–Solid Interaction at High Intensity The material behind the shock wavefront can be compressed and transformed to another phase state in such high-pressure conditions. After unloading, the shock-affected material then has to be transformed into a final state at normal pressure. The final state may possess properties different from those in the initial state. We consider, in succession, the stages of compression and phase transformation, pressure release and material transformation into a post-shock state.
62. Thus, the optical breakdown converts silica into a metallike medium reducing the energy deposition volume by two orders of magnitude and, correspondingly, massively increasing the absorbed energy density. 3 Electron Temperature and Pressure in Energy Deposition Volume to the End of the Laser Pulse The electron-to-ion energy transfer time and the heat conduction time in a hot plasma lies in a range of picoseconds. Therefore, in a sub-picosecond laser–solid 23 24 2 Laser–Matter Interaction Confined Inside the Bulk of a Transparent Solid interaction, the deposited energy is confined to the electron whilst the ions remain cold.
13) and (14) hold for both an infinite tube-length and a finite tube-length objective. 3 Effects of Refractive Indices Mismatch-induced Spherical Aberration on 3D Optical Data Storage 3D optical data storage has become an active research area because of the 3D imaging ability of confocal microscopy [15, 18]. A number of materials, including photochromic , photobleaching , photorefractive , and photopolymerizable  media, have been successfully employed to achieve 3D optical data storage.